Oct. 30 in U.S. military history
1918: Famous World War I flying ace Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker shoots down his 26th – and final – enemy aircraft over Rémonville, France.
1940: The Royal Air Force’s First Eagle Squadron, consisting of volunteer pilots from the United States, becomes operational. Thousands of Americans would apply, but only 244 were chosen for service during the early days of World War II.
1950: Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur orders U.S. forces north of the 38th Parallel to “mop up” the North Korean Army.
1954: The last racially segregated unit in the U.S. Armed Forces is abolished; the military is officially desegregated.
Medal of Honor: On this day in 1944, Pvt. Wilburn K. Ross almost single-handedly fought off a German attack that devastated his company. Pvt. Ross killed or wounded dozens of enemy soldiers, forcing their retreat.